The prepared environment of the preschool encourages the child to absorb information as a natural and joyful activity. The children are allowed to work independently, of their own initiative, developing concentration and self-confidence. The Montessori materials help to stimulate and develop fine discrimination in all senses.
Practical life activities serve as the foundation of future academic work by encouraging concentration, order and establishing a work cycle with the learner. They are a bridge between the home and the classroom. Examples of exercises in practical life activities are pouring liquids, washing dishes, polishing shoes, preparing food, or learning to tie laces.
Sensorial help exercises include opportunities to smell, taste, listen to, see, or touch materials that were developed by Dr. Montessori herself. These exercises create classification systems for ordering further learning and serve as a foundation for math.
Montessori sandpaper letters and moveable alphabet are used along with other language materials to assist the preschool child in the development of language from writing then to reading. Children are taught sounds that aid them in phonetic reading.
Numbers are represented as concrete materials that build a foundation of understanding mathematical principles. Children learn to associate quantities with symbols and learn to add and subtract.
Science, geography, art, and music are also a vital part of the curriculum and integrated into the prepared environment.